Yogyakarta, 2 May 2019 – When it comes to Industrial Revolution 4.0, there are several challenges that need to be faced with Jndonesian higher education institutions. One of them is the low percentage of Indonesian people who continue their studies to university level, and it definitely correlates to the quality of Indonesian human resources. Based on the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education’s data, there are currently around 4500 universities in Indonesia. However, in 2018, there were only 7.5 million students who enrolled in it. This makes the Indonesia’s University Gross Participation Rate as one of the lowest in the region, which is around 34%. Data from the World Bank states that in 2016 only 8.79% of Indonesia's population had a bachelor's degree. As Indonesian people celebrate the National Education Day which is commemorated every May 2, Center for Digital Society (CfDS) held a press conference entitled 'Indonesian Higher Education & Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0'.
Trend of Specialization Study Program Has Not Changed
In addition to the low participation rates at tertiary institutions, the choice of study programs is also an important point. Based on research conducted by the Center for Digital Society (CfDS) of Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of UGM, it was found that the trend of specialization of study programs in the Joint Entrance of Indonesian Higher Education (SBMPTN) for the past 3 years (2016-2018) has not changed. The top three study programs with the highest specialization in Indonesia are still dominated by study programs in Medical Education, Law, Management, and Communication Sciences. During the last three years, there have also been interesting phenomena related to the increasing trend of specialization in several study programs such as Social Anthropology (Universitas Diponegoro), Korean Language and Culture (Universitas Gadjah Mada), and Educational Technology (Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia). This shows that the phenomenon of digital transformation that has occurred in the past few years does not necessarily make study programs on digital issues and technology as a favorite of Indonesian new university students.
Over the past three years, universities in Indonesia have been competing to open new study programs that are considered to be able to support the development of the Industrial Revolution 4.0. Actuarial science, for example, the knowledge of financial risk management that combines mathematics, statistics, and computers, has now been opened in around 5 well-known national universities, namely Institut Pertanian Bogor, Universitas Padjajaran, Universitas Indonesia, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November, and Universitas Gadjah Mada. "The specialization trend in these study programs can be seen, even though it has not been as high as traditional study programs, but it surely has increased prospects in the upcoming years," said Iradat Wirid, UGM CfDS Researcher. The Digital Business Program at Universitas Padjajaran which opened in 2018, for example, has been ranked as study program which has the highest number of applicants in 2018.
CfDS (Center for Digital Society) UGM is a multi-disciplinary research center that is established under the Faculty of Social & Political Sciences University of Gadjah Mada. This research center is built upon the concern over the contemporary dynamics of socio-political condition of the world that is accentuated by the impeccable influence of information technology. The phenomenon triggers the new patterns and complexities in the society, and thus requires new approaches in managing such complexities. Our research and other activities are based on spirits that is aligned with our motto, productive, innovative, & influential.