Data security has been one of the most fastest growing issues in the society. Several cases, ranging from data crawling on face-editing application until Cambridge Analytica scandal had become actual evidences of the importance of data privacy. In the 14th series of CfDS’ Digital Future Discussion (Difussion) that was organized in Ekologi Café on 25th July 2019, human rights in the cyber realm were being discussed from various perspectives.
Privacy and Personal Data in Digital Era
Diah Angendari, the executive secretary of CfDS UGM, ignited the discussion with recent issues of personal data violation. The intrusion of privacy has been started since the invention of the camera, along with the existence of gossip column in the newspaper. The intrusion of privacy also similar to without-consent-photo-tagging on Facebook or misuse of data in financial technology applications. The privacy in digital era should give rights to the user to take control of their own data.
Unfortunately, Indonesia doesn’t have yet any legal instruments that define and control personal data usage. Internet users should be aware of their own data privacy. Every user also has the ‘right to be forgotten ‘that allows them to control their data.
Diah added that Indonesian government can reflect on the General Data Protection Regulation that was invented and being implemented by the European Union. “Users should be aware before uploading their data. For example, in the online transportation application that asked for our ID card scan, government regulation should protect the data usage and guarantee that those who decided not to upload the ID card still get the equal service.”
Contemporary Human Rights Issues in the Digital Era
In the next session, Anaq Duanaiko discussion about the contemporary issues of human rights in the digital era. In China, all digital interactions are monitored by the government. The government has the control to crawl personal data, even reaching out into personal chat, with the reason to protect social stability. However, in practical, it also violates human rights.
Government control of personal data was also implemented through an application called IJOP. China’s Human Rights Watch found out that IJOP is used by the government to collect personal data and to monitor individual behavior. IJOP can even alert the government if the algorithm found any possible threat that needs further investigation.
On the other side, digital technology can also help to promote human rights enforcement. For example, an Instagram account named @eva.stories, explains the holocaust stories using posts and Instagram Story features. Anaq Duanaiko summarized that this kind of technology utilization can help the society to be more aware towards human rights issues.