[PRESS RELEASE] Does AI Violate Human Rights? | Difussion #56
August 9, 2021 6:38 pm ||
Yogyakarta, June 23rd, 2021 – Proliferated development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) throughout the world caused alarming concerns in human rights. Questions on privacy and data ownership, for instance, have been a timely debate that is interesting to discuss. In this 56th series of Difussion, Center for Digital Society (CfDS) invited Yunita Sari (Lecturer at Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences UGM) and Jun E Tan (EngageMedia Researcher) to share more of their thoughts on the topic of AI and human rights. The event was held virtually on Friday (23/7) on Google Meet and broadcasted on YouTube Livestream (link: https://youtu.be/PMgAZ6CpGzw).
Demystifying The Myth of Artificial Intelligence
Yunita opened her presentation by defining Artificial Intelligence (AI) as a computer system that mimics human intelligence. As AI is commonly found in our everyday lives, Yunita brought critical privacy and data ownership issues. However, this issue is in direct conjunction with the user that sometimes neglects the terms and conditions. This makes them unaware about their data that is taken. Yunita also emphasized that AI is a human creation that might have some errors, but these errors are predictable. However, AI is more prone to irresponsible use that benefitting only one side, which can be controlled through regulation. “Which kind of AI systems, why, how, and for whom should be developed requires consensus and mutual understanding between policymakers, politicians, private and public companies, and all layers of society,” concluded Yunita.
AI and Human Rights in Southeast Asia: Perspectives and Recommendations
In Southeast Asia, there is a rising eagerness to use AI for developmental benefits. However, Jun reminds us that there is a digital disparity between countries in the region, meaning that not all countries are ready to integrate AI into their domestic matters. This digital disparity created from these technologies can create a new form of voicelessness, in which the preferences of the marginalized people received little to no consideration. Moving forward, Jun emphasized the importance of AI governance, especially in Southeast Asia, where the government’s focus is on the rapid adoption of AI rather than checks and balances. In addition, several issues are still present in the region, such as underrepresentation in international standards-setting and the absence of a strong regional voice. Jun also gives recommendations such as considering exiting regulatory frameworks and processes that may be used for AI governance and focusing on data governance to reduce AI harm and increase AI benefits. Lastly, Jun stated, “Civil society could increase our awareness and capacity to engage in AI governance.”
Author: Christophorus Ariobumi
Editor: Ruth Simanjuntak & Aridiva Firdharizki