Press Release | Reflection Session #3 Closing Session BLS – Capacity Building on Interdisciplinary Cybersecurity Training
March 10, 2022 12:58 am ||
Yogyakarta, January 27, 2022, Cyber security has become an unavoidable interest in the current era of digital information. The ongoing pandemic is increasingly driving the transformation of the world into the digital age of information and turning almost all aspects of life into cyberspace. This transition brings a threat to people who are active in cyberspace in the form of cyber security. However, cybersecurity is still aimed at technology/computer experts, even though cybersecurity itself is multidisciplinary. Therefore, since 2021 CfDS has collaborated with the Data Research Center (DRC) Campus Fryslan (CF) in the Netherlands, trying to meet the needs of cybersecurity professionals in the Orange Knowledge Program scheme funded by Nuffic Neso Indonesia. The forms of this collaborative activity are Blended Learning Sessions, Study Visits, and Living Lab Sessions.
Entering the closing of the Blended Learning Session series, CfDS and DRC CF held Reflection Session 3 on Thursday, January 27, 2022. The Blended Learning Session Reflection Session 3 event was held in a hybrid manner. A face-to-face session was held at Hotel Santika Yogyakarta (12:45–15:30 GMT UTC+7) and a virtual Zoom meeting. Even though it is a hybrid, the safety of participants and organizers is prioritized because the event runs by following the COVID-19 health protocol and antigen testing. The closing session was hosted by Annisa Wiharani (Adjunct Researcher CfDS) and a moderator, then opened by Diah Angendari as Executive Secretary of CfDS. This activity was also attended by Prof. Ir. Achmad Djunaedi, MURP., Ph.D. (Research Advisor CfDS) as event facilitator, Dr. Wing Wahyu Winarno, S.E., Ak., M.A.F.I.S., C.A (STIE YKPN Yogyakarta), and the DRC representative, Amaranta Luna Arteaga.
Political Aspects of Cybersecurity Policy in Indonesia
In the first discussion, the topic was the political aspect of cyber-related policies. The participants saw that the political aspect has a significant position in forming cyber security policy. Currently, cybersecurity policies often experience obstacles in ratification due to a problematic political culture. In addition, its urgency is often overlooked due to a lack of awareness of cybersecurity. For example, although cases of data hacking often occur in Indonesia, people still tend to ignore this issue and disregard the continuation of the case.
To answer this problem, the participants assessed the need for multidisciplinary scientists to create a new forum to explore the issue. Socio-political scientists can produce research related to cyber, not only from the technical aspect but also from human security. It aims to understand the current situation so that the study can become a recommendation and influence stakeholders. An approach that accommodates stakeholder interests will encourage data/evidence-based policy designs. In addition, socio-culture can have a role in educating stakeholders. The more cybersecurity topics are discussed, the more public/institutional awareness will be raised and advocated for cybersecurity policies.
Cyberspace, the Transformation of Cyberspace Public Space
The discussion was continued by discussing the topic of cyberspace as a new public space. Participants observed that the public and the government still have inadequate awareness of cyber-related. Cyber is increasingly broad and complex, so it will significantly affect the cyber security regulation plans and the future design of digital public spaces. Currently, these changes and shifts in the concept of public space in cyberspace to form an ‘imagined community. It affects people’s digital identity and data security. Therefore, to protect the ‘imagined community, policies and institutions are needed based on a comprehensive understanding of cyberspace. One of the participants, Ismail Abdurrahman (Cyberkarta), said, “Cyberspace in Indonesia today is like a greenhouse where data is easily visible, so a special institution is needed to take care of cyber in a multi-stakeholder manner.”
The need for policies related to cyber is essential to address the transition to the transformation of the digital public space. However, the current shift has created a gap in society, a gap where people are not aware of the similarities between online and offline public spaces. Examples can be seen in everyday events, such as ridicule and hate speech in cyberspace, which are dangerous and can affect the user’s psychology. This gap also threatens users’ security, such as the habit of oversharing in cyberspace through platforms that lead to the high exposure of personal data. In addition, the increased activity in cyberspace also allows for data mining. As a result, it can be used for illegal purposes such as online loans. Ratna Lestari, one of the training participants, called for “Efforts to increase cyber awareness are critical to helping people maintain their security in cyberspace, as well as speeding up policymaking.”
Making Multidisciplinary Cyber Courses
Responding to the complexity of cyber-related problems in Indonesia today, Prof. Ir. Achmad Djunaedi called it a ‘joint disaster.’ He considered that ‘common disasters’ need to be handled with ‘awareness,’ such as cybersecurity. Creating the need to take care of cyber security will give birth to the obligation to carry out cyber security. To fulfill professional needs will be started with special interdisciplinary cyber security courses. To answer this issue, Gadjah Mada University will offer master courses (S2) about cyber, which DRC and CfDS initiated. Prof. Ir. Achmad Djunaedi also emphasized, “With this lecture, students will become cyber security literacy agents who build awareness and equip the community.”
Dr. Wing Wahyu Winarno also agrees that there is a need for education related to cyber security at the primary level. He saw that social media was filled with malicious comments from netizens with inappropriate words. He also encountered several discussions of issues in cyberspace, which gradually attacked users with their religion, political choices, and other identities. So it is necessary to build a learning class about manners and ethics in cyberspace. Dr. Wing Wahyu Winarno accentuated, “At this time, it is necessary to instill cyber manners and ethics since the beginning of school, even as early as elementary or junior high schools because nowadays they have become cyberspace users.”