In the digital era, Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are relevant and important to discuss, given that the ease of expression and work on the digital platforms must be accompanied by the knowledge of intellectual property rights and respect for the work of others. In this 30th series of Difussion, Center for Digital Society (CfDS) invited Henricus Pria (director of Studio Batu and Rekata Studio, Bani Nasution (director and film maker), and Lauresia Andini (lecturer at the UGM Faculty of Law) to discuss the relevance of IPR in digital era from various perspectives. The event was held online via Google Meet platform and broadcasted live via Youtube on Friday (07/08).
IPR and the Film Industry
At the beginning, Bani shared his experience as a director about the importance of intellectual property rights in the filmmaking process. He stated that the documentary film he produced last year had to be cancelled before it could be broadcasted due to two problems related to the IPR. The first problem lies in determining the structure of the film which does not have certain parameters, because the film was produced collectively and organically. Then, the next problem lies in the decision to distribute the film which was considered one-sided. In this case, the understanding of IPR is something that must be considered, especially if each member who is involved in the film-making process has a different view regarding the IPR. Bani also stated that he was trying to solve this problem in a family manner instead of bringing it any law means.
The discussion then continued with the presentation from Hendricus Pria, where according to Pria, a film has many elements and other art forms, such as music, design, architecture, and several other art forms that are protected by the IPR. Therefore, it is very important for filmmakers to obtain all the necessary permits and licenses of every artistic element and entity used in filmmaking. The development of digital broadcasting and distribution platforms as well as the prevalence of film piracy are also the main factors why the IPR should be paid close attention to. In making a work, a person needs to prepare evidence that shows the originality of his work and some related regulations, so that the work can be protected from plagiarism by other parties. Furthermore, Pria also emphasized the importance of ownership of all legal documents to uphold and respect a person's intellectual property rights, because intellectual property right can benefit the creator of the work.
IPR in the Digital Era: Legal Perspective
Laurensia Andini, a lecturer at the UGM Faculty of Law, opened her presentation by explaining the definition of IPR. According to this woman who is familiarly called Ririn, the definition of IPR is the exclusive right of work that results from human thought. "IPR actually does not come from Indonesian culture, but from western culture. Indonesian culture tends to consider any art forms originating from a certain ethnic group as a communal property, which is very different from Western culture which has the conception that an art work is an individual property, so it must be protected by proper laws,” explained Ririn.
Furthermore, Ririn also explained various types of intellectual property rights such as copyrights, patents, trademarks, and several basic things that differentiate between these three rights. Ririn emphasized the importance of understanding each IPR so that a work can be protected by proper law and does not cause misunderstanding later. To close the session, Ririn concluded that IPR has the aim of advancing one's creativity and innovation, but it can turn into a weapon if it is not accompanied by sufficient understanding.
Writer: Aldo Rafi